Good oral health is vital during pregnancy to avoid plague build up and gum diseases. According to American Dental Association, gum diseases in pregnant women increase the risk of premature labor and delivering under-weight babies. Though bad breath is very common problem in pregnant women, it should not be overlooked. Pregnant women should consult the doctor to diagnose the underlying cause of bad breath.
What causes bad breath during pregnancy?
Expecting mothers have you ever wondered what causes bad breath during pregnancy? Well, there are number of reasons that can cause halitosis or bad breath in pregnant women. Let us see some of the factors that lead to bad breath-
- Poor oral hygiene: Pregnant women or expecting mothers need to take extra care of their teeth and maintain oral hygiene. Improper or irregular brushing and flossing (after eating foods) can allow food particles to stick on the teeth and let bacteria to form a plague. Bacterial plague can result in hardened surface called tarter. This can cause gum inflammation or gingivitis. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to severe Periodontitis.
- Halitosis: Pregnant women are more likely to suffer from inflamed or swollen gums during the early stages of pregnancy. Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums leads to halitosis or chronic bad breath.
- Hormonal changes: During pregnancy women undergoes hormonal fluctuations. Imbalances in the estrogen and progesterone levels during the first trimester can increase plague accumulation on the teeth. Regular snacking of foods can further increase plague accumulation that contains colonies of bacteria. Bacteria produces sulfur compounds that result in foul-stinky bad breath in pregnant women.
- Dehydration: A pregnant woman should drink plenty of water during her pregnancy. Dehydration can cause xerostomia or dry mouth.
- Dry mouth: Dry mouth is cause due to reduced amount of saliva in the mouth and this can be due to body dehydration or hormonal imbalances. Hormonal changes during the pregnancy causes increased blood volume, urination and body fluids. These can result in dry mouth. When saliva is reduced, the bacteria colonies increases in number and overgrows the normal flora. Increased bacteria in the mouth leads to smelly bad breath.
- Morning sickness: Morning sickness or vomiting in the morning is another reason for bad breath in pregnant women. When partially digested food is expelled with stinky stomach acids, it can remain in the mouth and cause foul and stinky breath. Pregnant women should rinse the mouth thoroughly after vomiting to remove food particles from the mouth.
- Dental carries and decay: One of the causes of bad breath during pregnancy is tooth carries or tooth decay. When bacteria grow in the mouth it releases acids that erode the surface of the enamel and cause tooth decay or carries. Deep caries leads to gum inflammation and ulceration and results in bad breath.
- Poor digestive system: During the course of pregnancy women suffer from low digestive system. This can cause production and accumulation of acids and gases that is responsible for sour smelling breath during burping.
- Calcium deficiency: Pregnant women need additional calcium to support her growing fetus and her body. Lack of calcium in the diet can deprive calcium from the teeth. This can deteriorate the teeth and cause bad breath.
These are some factors about what causes bad breath during pregnancy.
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