Dental cavities occur in an area of tooth that has decayed and grown into small and tiny openings. So, what are the symptoms of cavities? Before that let us know what causes them. Cavities are caused due to constant snacking of sugary or starchy foods allowing bacteria acid to destroy the enamel and due to poor oral hygiene.
What are the symptoms of cavities?
Dental cavities often show no symptoms in their initial stage of development. At first, patient with cavities may not experience any visible signs. This doesn’t indicate the absence of cavities. During early stage, cavities can be confined only to the enamel. However, if cavities are not detected and treated early cavities will progress and continue to destruct your tooth. Severe cavities will eventually lead to development of the symptom.
A look on what are the symptoms of cavities-
- Holes or openings- The first noticeable symptom of dental cavities are tiny openings or holes that are created on the flat surface of the teeth. These holes can be easily spotted on the molars or premolars (back teeth) or even on the incisors. In case your cavity has grown large, you will be able to see a large visible pit in the tooth.
- Discolorations- Discoloration of the tooth is another what are the symptoms of cavities. White spots can be seen during the initial stage of tooth decay. With the progression of cavities, discoloration advances to yellow, brown or dark colors. This is the symptom of dental cavities. Filmy bright white spot is a sign of initial plague. Darker yellow or brown color indicates breaking down of the tooth enamel and black or gray spots is an indication of damaged enamel.
- Pain- Pain in the tooth is a clear indicator of existing dental cavities. Toothache and pain can vary depending on the location of the cavity and the extent of progression. Cavity pain can be felt when biting down food with the cavity tooth. Depending on the degree of the cavity, pain can be moderate to severe bad pain. Some individuals may experience constant throbbing pain while some may felt dull pain around the cavity affected tooth. Severe excruciating pain may prevent patient from eating, chewing, sleeping and consuming cold and hot drinks.
- Sensitivity- When nerves are exposed due to cavities, bacteria can reach the nerves and cause infection and pain. Damaged nerves can cause pain while chewing or biting food and patients can experience increased sensitivity to cold or hot drinks. You may experience discomforts while brushing teeth or while sipping a cup of hot coffee.
- Abscess- severe tooth decay can lead to pus or abscess formation around the decayed tooth and this is one among what are the symptoms of bad breath. This requires immediate medical help.
- Bad breath- Constant bad breath is a sign of cavities. Bad breath that doesn’t go away even after brushing teeth is a sign of decay tooth.
- Swelling- Dental cavities can cause infection and inflammation of the gums and result in facial swelling as well as swelling of the gums. Gums can become sensitive and tender to touch.
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