Cavities or dental caries occur when your tooth is decayed by bacteria plague producing acids. The acids in the plague eat away your tooth’s enamel and create tiny holes or openings. Further, if left unattended these holes will grow deeper and erode the inner dentin layer too. Therefore, it is very important to remove plague otherwise plague build up will take place and this will start to decay your tooth and flourish more. This is what do cavities do to your teeth.
- Toothache- Any toothache can be sign of deep cavities. Toothache indicates that decay has reached the inner part of your tooth.
- Holes or pits- In advanced stage, cavities will cause your teeth tiny holes or pits in especially in the back molars and premolars and in between the teeth. These holes are visible with naked eyes. Food particles can get stuck or logged in in these pitted areas encouraging bacteria to feed on them and thrive. This is what do cavities do to your teeth if initial plagues build up is not removed.
- Tooth abscess- If bacterial cavities has spread or reached the pulp region inflammation and infection around the root of the teeth can occur. Severe infection will cause pus or abscesses around the root. These abscesses can be seen as white spots fill with pus. This is a serious sign of damaged teeth.
- Fractured or cracked tooth- Once the nerve has been damaged, tooth fractured can occur. Fractured tooth can cause severe intense pain. Also if the fillings are old bacteria can invade weakened fillings through some cracks or leaks and penetrate inside the tooth root. They will start to cause cavity around or at the ends of the fillings and will further progress deeper inside.
- Tooth loss- Dental cavity is a common reason of tooth loss in children and younger adults. Untreated dental decay can reach the innermost pulp chamber containing nerves and blood vessels. Once bacteria have reached inside the pulp, tissues and nerves are damaged. Further, infection can lead to bones destruction which can lead to tooth loss. Falling off of tooth or missing tooth can interfere with proper chewing of foods and this can affect one’s digestion. Sometimes severely affected tooth with cavities are left with no option but to permanently remove the tooth itself. This is what do cavities do to your teeth.
- Tooth sensitivity- Cavities cause increased sensitivity to your teeth especially while consuming hot or cold drinks and foods. You may experience severe sensitivity or sharp pain suddenly while sipping a hot coffee or cold water. Acidic foods and drinks such as pickles, sodas etc. may increase this sensitivity. Teeth become extra sensitive to sugars and sugary foods. When sugars sit in your cavity tooth, it causes irritation and enhances sudden sharp or dull pain.
- Problem biting and chewing- This is the major problem caused by cavities. Cavity affected teeth experiences intense pain while biting down foods and chewing on the affected tooth becomes painful. This may prevent individual from eating and chewing foods properly.
These are some things what do cavities do to your teeth if not treated during the initial development. So, make sure to visit your dentist at least twice a year (every 6 months) to detect any cavities.