Research and studies have proved that dental implants are safe and the success of implants is 98%. Dental implants have been successful in many patients in terms of oral functions as well as of appearances. Dental implant safely supports the prosthetic teeth without sacrificing the nearby teeth.
However, one cannot overlook the negative effects or risks that may accompany the implant. Since dental implant is a surgical tooth procedure, it can be associated with general dental implants problems and discomforts like paining, swelling, bruising and bleeding.
Problems in general-
The success of the dental implants largely depends on the factors such as efficiency of the dental surgeon (skilled or not), patient’s bone quality as well as quantity at the implant site and the overall oral hygiene and health of the patient.
Dental implants problems are very less and rare. Failure of dental implants happens when it falls off, breaks off, shifts or loosens. Heavy smoking and drinking increases the chance of failure rates in a person. Also excessive stress and incorrect placing of the implant can result in fracture of the implant. Person affected with chronic illness and those who have poor dental hygiene also run at the risk of encountering implant problems.
Different Types of Teeth Implant Problems seen rarely in some Patients are as follows-
Fail to osseointegrate: It is the failure of the implant to integrate or fuse with the bone. This may be cause because of unavailability of sufficient bone, due to some infection in the bone, overheating of the adjacent bone, blood supply and inadequate stabilization of the implant or pressure on the implant prior to healing. Osseointegrate is noticed after a few days of implant.
Fracture: Fractures happens after the integration of the implant with the bone. Fractures can happen when the implant is positioned inappropriately. Stress can also stimulate structural fracture of the implant. Implant can fracture if excess pressure is applied on the implant, causing it to fracture either partially or completely.
Inflammations: Inflammations can cause painful swellings in the surrounding tissue or in a localized area. Post surgical inflammations can last for few days or it can be prolonged. Pain is caused by localized inflammations, nerve damage or reaction in response to new foreign implant.
Peri- implantitis: Peri-implantitis is caused because of bacterial infections resulting in severe inflammation, bruising and swelling of the tissue. Serious peri-implantitis can cause damage to the bone or may result in bone loss. This is the common cause of failure.
Loosen or shifted implants: This is another dental implants problems. This can be caused due to improperly fitted implant or due to failure to integrate-osseointegrate. Such loosen implants must be replaced with a new implant.
Nerve damage and sinus: Sometimes forceful pressure can cause damage to the nerves. This can result in numbness or sensitivity. Pains can be intense. Upper jaw implants can affect the sinus cavity too and cause some sinus related problems.
The best way to avoid any dental implants problems is to follow the necessary instructions after and prior to the implant. It is extremely important to take care of your oral hygiene and also maintain a good healthy lifestyle.
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