What is a Jaw Surgery?
Corrective jaw surgery is medically termed as Orthognathic surgery. This s Corrective jaw surgery is usually applied when braces stop working after certain duration of time. One of the aims of this surgery is to make the chewing process easier. Orthognathic surgery improves the misalignment of the jaw. Those who are suffering from facial problems-under bite and cleft palate, can opt for this surgery. The maxillofacial surgeons perform Orthognathic surgeries.
Types of Orthognathic OR Jaw Surgery:
- Upper Jaw Surgery: Medically, upper jaw surgery is termed as maxillary osteotomy. This surgery is applied to correct facial imbalance-under bites, over bites and open bites.
- Mandibular Surgery: This surgery is commonly referred to as lower jaw surgery. Mandibular surgery is generally used for correction of the receded jaw (apertognathic) or larger lower jaw.
- Genioplasty: Genioplasty is also known as interior border osteotomy (or chin surgery). Basically, this surgery is used to correct deficient chin. Besides this receded chin problem there is another chin abnormality which is normally caused by severe deficient lower jaw.
Why do you need a Jaw Surgery?
- Chewing: A jaw surgery would be required if one has problems in chewing. While chewing, an under bite (protrusion of lower jaw) works together with cross bite (irregular teeth positioning). This makes the teeth unable to form in straight jaw line and this kind of problem would lead to chewing your food with your back molars. This would cause a misbalance between upper and lower jaw. Hence, a corrective jaw surgery would be required.
- Spitting: When people suffer from under bite your lower jaw becomes heavier. This keeps the jaw hanging most of the time, allowing saliva to form in the mouth. It would allow spit to build up whenever you talk. This would require one to get a corrective jaw surgery done.
- Breathing from the mouth: When peoples jaw is hanging open most of the time, it is observed that they tend to breathe from their mouth. This kind of breathing problem causes bad breath. Again, inducing one to opt for corrective jaw surgery.
- Lisps: Lisps is speech disorder, which is also known as stigmatism. People who suffer from the under bite are most likely to get this grave speech impediment. This severe condition could also be corrected by performing a correct jaw surgery.
Procedure of Jaw Surgery:
- In an upper jaw surgery, the surgeon operates the area beneath the eye sockets. This allows a smooth movement of the upper teeth as well as the roof of the teeth. The surgical tools such as metal screws are used to hold the jaw.
- In the lower jaw surgery, the surgeon cuts the back part of the back molars along with the jawbones.
- In Genioplasty, the surgeon moves the chin bones with their surgical equipments. To make the chin look shorter, the chin is moved upwards and vice versa.
In the Corrective jaw surgery procedure there is an involvement of maxillofacial surgeons, speech therapist and dentist. X-rays and the digital computer software’s take out images which are utilized during jaw surgery. A Jaw surgery could be performed at the age of 15 in females and from 17 to 18 years in males.
Cautionary Note: During the healing process after the surgery some people might face swelling, congestion and pain.