Teeth grinding or clenching is referred medically as Bruxism wherein an individual unconsciously grinds or clenches his teeth generally during sleep. It is a medical condition and not a habit. Most of the people may not be aware of their grinding as they usually grind their teeth while sleeping. Teeth grinding is generally harmless but when it occurs frequently the teeth can get damaged. It can lead to loosening of the teeth and give rise to other oral complications.
Bruxism is classified as sleep disorder and a habitual behavior. Some individual may grind their teeth for a second like chewing and some may grind their teeth with a bite that is longer (about 30 seconds). If you are one among them, it is important for you to know teeth grinding causes and treatments that can be done to stop it.
Teeth grinding causes and treatment-
Teeth grinding is caused by a number of factors. These are discussed below-
- Stress, anxiety and tension:
- concealed anger and frustration:
- misalignment of the upper and lower teeth
- sleeping disorders such as sleep apnea, snoring and sleep paralysis
- medical disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, digestive disorders and hypermytonia
- allergic reactions
- medications such as antidepressants and stimulants
- trauma due to accident or some sad event life
- teething or teeth eruptions in children
- misuse of drugs such as amphetamines
- nutritional deficiency
- faulty fillings
- lifestyles such as smoking, alcohol, caffeine and drug abuse
About 70% of teeth grinding occurs in individuals with mental and emotional stress and anxiety. Stress related to job or personal problem is linked with Bruxism. Stress can interrupt ones sleeping phase. This can lead to unconscious teeth grinding ad clenching during sleep.
Some individuals can end up clenching or grinding the teeth when they are very frustrated or angry with someone or something. This can result in conscious teeth clenching in the day. Aggressive behavior can make an individual clench his teeth unconsciously when anger or frustration is expressed.
This is a physical cause of teeth grinding also called as malocclusion or abnormal teeth alignment. When abnormal structured teeth come in contact with each other it can lead to involuntarily teeth grinding.tee
Individual suffering from neurological disorders often grind their teeth during the night as well as during the day. Certain medications and drugs such as antidepressants and drugs can result in Bruxism as well.
Tips to stop teeth grinding-
- Stress management therapies and programs: Manage your stress through stress counseling and therapies. Practice yoga and breathing exercises to relieve stress. Meditation can help in body relaxation and stress management.
- Dental procedure: Physical dental devices such as mouth guards and splints can be worn during sleep to avoid grinding of teeth. There are over the counter and customized mouth guards. Customized mouth guards are more accurate and effective. Splints are made of solid acrylic that fits on your teeth.
- Correcting malocclusion: If Bruxism is due to misalignment of teeth, then correcting the surface shape of the teeth or fitting crowns on the improper teeth can correct Bruxism.
- Behavior therapy: Practicing proper mouth and jaw positions can prevent you from teeth grinding.
These are some of the important teeth grinding causes and treatments one should know to avoid any dental complications.