Gum diseases are also called as periodontal diseases. It affects the periodontal tissues and the bones of the teeth. Gum diseases or periodontal diseases is caused by bacterial infection and can result in the inflammation of the gums. This can damage the periodontal tissues and the ligaments as well as the alveolar bone (tooth sockets) that actually supports the teeth and keeps it intact to the gums.
How a gum disease is caused?
Gum disease is caused due to the accumulation of the plague which mainly consists of colonies of bacteria along with the food particles. If the tooth is not cleaned for many days, the plague builds up into a hard yellow colored tarter. This tarter accumulates underneath the gums and becomes difficult to remove by brushing.
While gingivitis is a milder form of gum disease, Periodontitis on the other hand is a serious form of gingivitis. When primary gingivitis is left untreated, it results in periodontitis. The production of bacterial toxins triggers the body’s immune system to fight back the infection. In the process it damages and destroys the bone and the tissues that support the teeth. It can lead to a loss of teeth if not treated early.
Acute necrotizing ulceration gingivitis is another serious gum disease which causes ulceration and swelling of the mouth and the throat.
What are the possible risk factors for gum diseases?
Risk factor can be any factor that increases the chances of developing a gum disease. There are a number of known risk factors for a gum disease. These are as follows-
- Smoking or chewing of tobacco
- Illness such as diabetes, HIV etc
- Changes in the hormone level like during puberty, menopause, pregnancy etc
- Old age and weak immune system
- Medications or drugs
- Fungal, viral, bacterial infections
- Any mouth, tooth or throat infections
Risk factors for acute necrotizing ulceration gingivitis include-
- Suppressed or compromised immune system
- A poor or under nourished diet
- Extreme stress or tension
- Unhealthy oral habits
- Excessive smoking
- Chronic gingivitis or periodontitis
How to treat gingivitis naturally?
The following are the natural remedies to treat gingivitis-
- Vitamins and gum disease: Gum disease is mainly caused due to lack of certain vitamins in the body such as vitamin C and vitamin D. To enhance your ingestion of vitamin C, eat foods that are rich in vitamin c such as citrus fruits, oranges, mango, grapefruit, papaya, broccoli, strawberry etc. Vitamin D can be obtained from sunlight. Expose yourself to early morning sunlight at least for 10-15 minutes daily.
- Reduce stress: Stress is one of the factors for gingivitis which causes increased build up of plague.
- Toothpaste with coenzyme Q10: A toothpaste containing coenzyme Q10 should be used. It is known to improve inflammation and infection.
- Tea tree toothpaste and oil: Due to its antibiotic property, tea tree oil is able to reduce gingivitis and bleeding. Tea tree toothpaste can be used to reduce plague and gum disease.
- Cranberry juice: Cranberry juice (sugarless) can help gum disease by preventing accumulation of bacteria on the teeth.
However, the most important treatment for gum disease is oral hygiene such as daily brushing and flossing with regular dental check- up and cleanings.